Uganda is a landlocked country situated in East Africa bordering, Southern Sudan in the North, Tanzania in the South, DR Congo on the West, Kenya in the East, and Rwanda in the South East. Uganda’s beauty and nature of its environment gave the country a special name known as ‘the Pearl of Africa’ by Winston Churchill who visited and ventured the country.
Kampala is the major business center in Uganda with a population of about 1.5million people, and thus making it the capital city of the country.
The official language is English, with over 30 different dialects spoken across the country. The most commonly used dialects by the local people are; Luganda and Swahili especially in the town centers. Other dialects include; Lusoga, Luo, Lugishu, Lunyakitara, and others which are spoken by the natives of different cultures.
The country generally has a fairly constant altitude with highlands and mountains in the west and eastern part of the country. The temperature in the region normally ranges between 25°C and 33°C during the day, whereas at night the temperatures do fall to about 17°C. The highland areas like Mountain Elgon, and Mountain Rwenzori, you will find that the temperatures are cooler thanany other area in the country.
Uganda as a country depends on agriculture as the main economic activity. However, due to the prevailing global weather changes, the trend is changing to other sectors like industrialization, and tourism.
Tourism as a sector has been making steady progress in the country. Among the main touristattractions in Uganda are the 10 National Parks which include: Kibale Forest National Park for Chimpanzees, Kidepo Valley National Park for wildlife, Lake Mburo National Park for wildlife and forest walks, Bwindi National Park for Gorillas, Mgahinga National Park for Gorillas and Hiking, Mount Elgon National Park for hiking adventures, Queen Elizabeth National Park for wildlife, Chimps and tree climbing lions, Rwenzori National Park for mountaineering, Murchison Falls National Park for wildlife and launch cruise, and Semliki National Park for Chimpanzees and Hot springs. Besides National Parks, other attractions include; Jinja for water rafting on Bujjagali falls and the source of the Nile, Cultural sites like Palaces and the KasubiTombs, Mabira Forest, Nagalabi Coronation grounds and so on. There are also Snake Parks for reptile lovers, Ngamba Islands for chimps, Ssese Islands, Lake Bunyonyi and so many others.
The Major currency in the country is called, Ugandan shilling. The Uganda shilling is used to carryout most of the transactions locally. However US dollars, Euros, Pound Sterling can also be used and are accepted in all the different forex bureaus.