Rwanda is a landlocked country with no sea port, and the smallest of all the East African countries. The country is estimated to cover an area of about 26,338Km². Geographically, Rwanda is located on the eastern rim of the Albertine Rift which is a western arm of the Great Rift Valley, and positioned 1270km west of the Indian.
The Country’s capital city is called Kigali, and it is the major administrative, Commercial, Communication and educational center and also the Transport center with the main Airport. Among the city’s major attractions include; the Genocide Memorial sites and craft shops.
Rwanda is commonly known as the ‘Land of a thousand Hills’. Generally much of its land is mountainous and the highest peak is Karisimbi at 4,507m high in the Virunga Mountains. Lake Kivu is the largest water body, though there are a number of lakes around the country such as Mugesera, Muhazi, Burera, and Ruhondo.
The tourism sector increased rapidly after the 1994 Genocide incident. Among the best tourist attraction include; the Great Rift valley Lakes, the Volcanic Virunga Range, the tropical Rain forest , the general Grassland, the country’s culture and the history of the Genocide Memorial sites. The main tourist National Parks include: Nyungwe National Park for primates and Chimpanzee tracking, Akagera National Park for wildlife, Volcanoes National Park for Gorilla tracking, and also the biggest fresh water body of Lake Kivu with 2 major towns of Gisenyi and Kibuye on its shores.
The estimated population of Rwanda is about 11 million. The country’s local dialect spoken by almost the entire population is Kinyarwanda. However French and English are the 2 official languages recognized and are widely spread and spoken throughout the country.
The Country’s major unit of currency is the Rwandan franc (RFr). Other preferred currencies include; the US dollars, British Pounds, EUROS and the East African shillings including Uganda shillings, Kenya shillings and Tanzania shillings.
Rwanda’s dry season starts from May to October and this is the best season for the gorilla tracking adventure. Between July and August is the peak season for tracking gorillas, traveling outside this time means it is easier to arrange a permit. The country however receives thousands of tourists every month throughout the year.